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WOOD CHIPS - POTENTIAL SOURCE OF BIOMASS FUEL

Wood chips are a familiar name that is flexibly applied in many areas of life. Not only does it play a role as the main raw material for the production of wood products, but it is also considered one of the potential biomass resources in the global energy industry.

1. What are wood chips?

Wood chips in different regions are known by various names such as wood shavings, wood flakes, wood pieces, wood slices, wood shreds, etc.

This is a by-product obtained after the process of producing wooden blanks, through the process of chiseling, cutting, sawing, etc., processing them into beautiful wooden products with commercial value. Splinters and small pieces of wood left over that are less than 3cm in size are called wood chips.

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Usually, wood chips will be produced from various types of wood depending on the geographical area and specific industries, the most common being rubber wood, teak wood, pine wood, eucalyptus wood, and other non-commercial wood types.

However, the demand for the wood chip market is increasing, so proactively creating large quantities of wood chips is gradually becoming more popular. People often use high-capacity wood chipper machines to quickly and conveniently produce a series of wood chips of similar size.

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Specifications of wood chips:

- Heat (DB): < 2300 cal/g

- Humidity: < 50%

- Ash level: < 5%

- Density: 300 - 400 kg/m3

- % Sulfur: 0%

- Shape: Thickness 5 - 8mm, length 30 - 100mm

With the above technical specifications, it can be seen that wood chips are a potential biomass fuel, capable of burning to generate heat for production activities.

2. Wood chip market

The wood chip market globally and in Vietnam, in particular, has made positive strides due to the increasing demand from the wood industry, the trend towards renewable energy conversion, as well as awareness of environmental protection responsibilities, prioritizing the use of recycled and environmentally friendly materials.

Specifically, according to statistical reports from the Forestry General Department, in 2023, Vietnam exported about 19.5 million tons of wood chips and pellets with a turnover of $2.9 billion. Wood chips were sold to over 13 countries, while wood pellet products were exported to 22 countries and territories during the year.

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These two products both have a high level of consumption in the domestic and international markets because they both have the ability to provide heat, suitable as fuel to provide energy for manufacturing industries.

3. Reasons to use wood chips as fuel

Wood chips are an important input material, widely used in many different industries such as: Pulp production, wood pellets, construction - furniture, used as bedding material in livestock and agriculture. , waste treatment, organic composting,...

In particular, taking advantage of resources from wood chips as fuel in boilers is the top priority for businesses because it not only meets production needs, brings high economic benefits but is also safe. and environmentally friendly.

3.1 High performance and cost savings

Wood chips have high energy content, with outstanding properties such as: calorific value of more than 2,300 cal/g, low humidity, so they easily catch fire and generate strong heat. Besides, with uniformity in shape, using wood chips as fuel will help the combustion process take place evenly and effectively, the fuel in the boiler will burn for a long time and burn completely. This helps factories always ensure a stable energy supply and maintain operational efficiency.

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Besides, the cost of wood chips is lower than other fuels such as coal or oil, so using wood chips can help businesses reduce production costs, bringing high economic profits at the same time. while reducing dependence on a fixed fuel supply.

3.2 Cut CO2 emissions

Wood chips are a renewable and biological fuel source, considered carbon neutral. The reason is that the carbon content produced when wood chips are burned will be absorbed by plants during their growth process. This creates a natural regeneration cycle, meaning it does not increase the amount of CO2 released into the environment.

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Therefore, using wood chips as fuel will not cause toxic smoke or chemicals that pollute the environment, contributing to improving atmospheric health.

3.3 Save resources

By taking advantage of available raw materials, using wood chips helps promote sustainable forestry activities, minimize waste from wood processing and maintain ecological balance.

Besides, using wood chips as fuel means opening up many business opportunities and generating income for communities where forests grow, proactively creating many useful economic values from this natural resource.

4. What is the current price of wood chips?

In the current market, generally, wood chips are cheaper than coal or various types of petroleum fuels, as the low production and processing costs of wood chips make their actual prices more "attractive."

However, the price of wood chips may fluctuate depending on certain factors such as location, season, raw materials, and supply sources. Therefore, to ensure the purchase of wood chips at a good price, businesses should regularly monitor the market and seek reputable and reliable suppliers.

5. How to choose a reputable wood chip supplier

To choose a reputable wood chip supplier, businesses can consider factors such as operational experience, production capacity, product quality, transportation services, etc.

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Thuan Hai is proud to be one of the leading biomass procurement, production, and trading companies in the current market. We own more than 10 production plants distributed nationwide, supplying over 1 million tons of biomass to the market annually, committed to providing customers with high-quality, stable, and continuous wood chip supply at the most reasonable prices.

 

Contact us for advice and support on wood chips and various biomass fuels.

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