Biomass energy is currently being applied in numerous production sectors of daily life, providing significant practical benefits to the environment, economy, and society.

Biomass is considered one of the future energy solutions for green economies, contributing to the sustainable development of nations. Biomass energy is already being utilized in various production sectors of life, bringing many practical benefits to the environment, economy, and society.


1. Environmental Benefits

Carbon Emission Reduction: Biomass, comprising wild vegetation and cultivated plants, stores CO2 during growth, reducing carbon levels in the atmosphere. In other words, CO2 released during biomass combustion is absorbed during subsequent plant growth, forming a closed carbon cycle. The amount of carbon absorbed may exceed the carbon emitted from biomass burning because most plants are perennial; during harvesting, only a portion is harvested, with roots remaining in the soil, stabilizing it and regenerating in subsequent seasons.


Climate Change Mitigation: Climate change is an escalating global concern. Human activities, particularly fossil fuel combustion, release hundreds of millions of tons of greenhouse gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere. CO2 and CH4 are the primary causes of global warming, altering the global climate and affecting the biosphere's ability to sustain life on Earth. Both CO2 and CH4 pose significant threats, but CH4 has a 20-fold greater greenhouse effect than CO2 despite its shorter atmospheric lifespan. Collecting CH4 emitted from landfill sites, wastewater treatment plants, and manure storage facilities reduces CH4 emissions into the atmosphere and allows for the utilization of CH4 energy for electricity generation or vehicle fuel.


Acid Rain: Acid rain is primarily caused by the release of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere during fuel combustion. Acid rain impacts human health, and the atmosphere, destroys habitats, damages infrastructure, and is considered one of the most dangerous threats to Earth, endangering the growth of various species. Since biomass does not contain sulfur, its combustion does not lead to acid rain formation. Furthermore, biomass can easily be co-fired with coal in industrial boilers or power plants, providing a simple method to reduce sulfur emissions into the environment.


Groundwater and Soil Pollution: Biomass energy contains minimal sulfur and 11% oxygen, resulting in cleaner combustion. Additionally, biomass energy undergoes rapid biological decomposition, causing less pollution of water sources and soil. Biomass energy released into the soil undergoes biological decomposition four times faster than other fossil fuels, thus minimizing soil and groundwater pollution. To mitigate water pollution when using biomass, methane can be captured from anaerobic digestion processes along with manure from livestock farms. These large anaerobic digesters are responsible for the pollution of many rivers. Anaerobic digestion reduces odor, and the methane gas collected can be used for energy production, while the resulting liquid or solid manure can be utilized locally or sold.


2. Business Benefits

With the increasing green transition in production and business, more and more enterprises are focusing on using biomass to meet their energy needs, contributing to cost reduction, environmental protection, and promoting green growth.


Compared to traditional fuels, using biomass energy can help businesses save up to 50% on fuel costs due to its lower cost. Additionally, biomass energy is often considered a renewable energy source because biological resources can regenerate in a shorter time frame compared to energy from fossil sources, providing abundant and continuous supply, thereby reducing energy crisis risks due to fossil fuel shortages.

In practice, integrating biomass into production activities enhances the competitiveness of businesses by reducing energy costs, and waste treatment costs, stabilizing production, and increasing revenue, contributing to long-term sustainable growth for enterprises.


Encouraging the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises: Biomass energy production does not require large-scale investment and construction of comprehensive processing plants. Therefore, investing in biomass energy can open up many opportunities for participation for small and medium-sized enterprises.

3. Social Benefits

Reducing Dependency on Fossil Fuels and Enhancing National Energy Security: Overreliance on fossil fuels such as oil and coal in recent decades has led to the depletion of these resources. Fossil fuel resources are unevenly distributed worldwide, concentrated in certain countries or regions. Thus, nations reliant on fuel imports may face vulnerability if a shortage occurs, leading to energy crises. Biomass energy, produced from local sources, has great potential to reduce dependence on imported fuels, enhancing national energy security.


Addressing the Waste Problem: With societal development, waste generation has increased. Organic waste, abundant in biomass, offers a solution to the waste problem, simultaneously creating a large, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly resource.


Economic Growth: Economic development in agricultural regions, both in developed and developing countries, is one of the benefits of using biomass. Besides providing food, agriculture now can serve as a source of clean energy. Utilizing agricultural residues helps farmers generate additional income, diversify markets, reduce agricultural surplus, increase supplementary cash flow, enhance competitiveness in international markets, revitalize rural economies, and reduce negative environmental impacts.


Limiting Urban Migration: New financial streams from farmers and rural residents improve the financial situation of rural communities and may further activate the local economy, slowing urban migration—a critical issue in many parts of the world.



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