BIOMASS ENERGY POTENTIAL IN VIETNAM
In addition to coal mining, using energy from biomass is not only a solution to meet the increasing demand for energy but also an important contribution to environmental protection. In this context, Vietnam stands out with great potential in the development of the biomass energy production industry. With diverse raw material sources such as straw, grass, bagasse and abundant forests, suitable land and favorable climate.
In addition to coal mining, using energy from biomass is not only a solution to meet the increasing demand for energy but also an important contribution to environmental protection. In this context, Vietnam stands out with great potential in the development of the biomass energy production industry. With diverse raw material sources such as straw, grass, bagasse and abundant forests, suitable land and favorable climate. Join Thuan Hai to learn about the potential and benefits of developing the biomass energy production industry in Vietnam.
What is Biomass Energy?
The world in recent years has witnessed a rapid increase in the demand for fuel, especially coal. However, this type of fuel has limitations in human development. Therefore, Biomass is increasingly asserting its position compared to coal and other fossil energies.
Biomass energy is the term used to refer to organic renewable energy obtained from living organisms. This is considered a very important resource on Earth because it is renewable.
Important sources of biomass raw materials in Vietnam
According to estimates, Vietnam has biomass reserves of about 170 million tons. With strongly developed agriculture in Vietnam, biomass energy can come from many raw materials such as bagasse, wood chips, rice husks and straw. Taking advantage of the great potential of biomass energy in Vietnam will not only help reduce dependence on traditional energy sources such as coal, oil..., reduce carbon emissions and environmental pollution. On the other hand, biomass will be a product that brings economic benefits to farmers participating in the bioenergy value chain.
1. Types of organic waste used to produce Biomass materials
Organic waste sources that can be used as main raw materials to produce biomass fuel in Vietnam include:
- Molasses is used to produce biomass Ethanol: Processing 1 ton of sugarcane can produce 0.04 tons of molasses. With 18.2 million tons of sugarcane processed at sugar factories each year, the amount of molasses obtained is 0.73 million tons. It is expected that this number will reach about 2 million tons by 2050.
- Used cooking oil can be used as biomass diesel: Expected to be over 2.2 million tons by 2030 and reach 3.2 million tons by 2050. Used cooking oil collection rate is about 20%.
- Catfish fat can be used to produce biodiesel: This amount of fat is collected from catfish processing factories. Currently, Vietnam produces about 1.11 million tons/year. With the ratio between fish fat and the amount of processed fish being 0.12 tons/ton, the amount of catfish fat generated in Vietnam today is about 0.133 million tons; expected to increase to about 0.2 million tons in 2030 and 0.3 million tons in 2050.
2. Wood waste from factories
For the biomass energy industry, converting wood waste into a clean energy source will extend the life cycle of wood resources, creating a stable and sustainable supply. Currently, Vietnam has more than 300 wood craft villages, so it is expected to increase the amount of wood waste up to 6.1 million tons by 2030 and 9 million tons by 2050. This is a great opportunity for Expand the use of recycled raw materials and develop the biomass energy industry in Vietnam.
3. Agricultural by-products
Rice husks are considered agricultural waste and are often used for livestock bedding or as fuel. Currently, rice husks have become a source of raw materials for processing into biomass fuel for the industry and are expected to soon reach a billion-dollar value.
With a long-standing wet rice agriculture, Vietnam annually produces rice husks of up to 9 million tons/year. The rich raw material source of rice husks not only helps meet energy needs but also promotes the sustainable development of the biomass energy industry in Vietnam.
The annual amount of waste in Vietnam is 150 million tons, posing a big challenge in environmental management and waste treatment. However, industrial waste and crop waste are potential sources of raw materials to convert into biomass fuel, providing energy for industrial production. This not only benefits the living environment but also creates business opportunities and contributes to economic growth in Vietnam.
Thuan Hai is proud to be a pioneer in the field of Biomass fuel production and supply, aiming for the important goal of Net Zero. With a total of 6 factories in strategic locations such as Dong Thap, Can Tho, Vinh Long, Long An, Binh Phuoc, and Quang Nam, we are proud of our diverse production capabilities and supply of Biomass fuel sources. stably reaching 1 million tons per year.